Prevention & Treatment

Prevention with Vaccines is Critical 

Interventions that prevent other forms of diarrhea—such as improvements in hygiene, sanitation and drinking water—do not adequately prevent the spread of rotavirus. 

  • Rotavirus cannot be treated with antibiotics or other drugs.
  • Prompt treatment with oral rehydration therapy (ORT) can be effective in treating mild infections.
  • But many of the world’s poorest children do not have access to ORT, despite the fact that it is effective and inexpensive. ORT coverage is only in ~30% of places where the most diarrhea deaths occur.1
  • IV fluids may be required if ORT is not administered, given too late or dehydration is too severe.
  • Without access to treatment for the severe dehydration it can cause, rotavirus can be a death sentence.

Because of this, vaccination is the best way to prevent rotavirus disease and improve child survival.

ORS in Bangladesh
A dehydrated child receives ORS at the ICDDR,B cholera hospital in Bangladesh. © Ansem Ansari, Courtesy of Photoshare

A global plan to reduce deaths to less than 1 in 1000 by 2025

ROTA Council Recommendations

  • To ensure integration with existing interventions outlined by the GAPPD, it is recommended that training courses be provided by national governments to update frontline health workers (physicians, nurses, public health professionals and community health workers).
  • Educational authorities and academia should collect data to determine the extent to which information about GAPPD is incorporated within medical, nursing and other healthcare worker curricula.
References

1.Santosham, M., et al., Progress and barriers for the control of diarrhoeal disease. Lancet, 2010. 376(9734): p. 63-7.

Sources
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The ROTA Council was created in collaboration with an advisory group of 24 child health leaders from around the world. We promote the use of rotavirus vaccines as part of a comprehensive approach to addressing diarrheal disease.

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